Tag Archives: AHRC

Scanning at Westminster Abbey and St Stephen’s Chapel

In January 2019, we travelled to London to undertake a digital survey of the medieval vaults of Westminster Abbey and the Victorian reconstructed vaults of St Stephen’s Chapel underneath the Palace of Westminster using funding from the AHRC.

Westminster Abbey, perhaps the best known church in the UK, offers a number of valuable opportunities to the project. Whilst most of the hundreds of thousands of visitors each year pay homage to Britain’s illustrious dead buried there, architectural historians continue to argue over whether the nation’s mausoleum owes more to France than to England. Our research will enable us to compare Westminster’s vaulting with other sites both in the UK and in France to explore the ‘Frenchness’ of its design. Furthermore, the chapter house and cloister vaults have previously been identified as having unusual 3D geometries, so we will use our digital data to investigate this. As a royal project, Westminster is also unusually well documented in the records of the King’s Works, throwing further light on the building sequence, the identity of the designers and details of construction methods. From such records, we know that the medieval masons plotted their designs on a full size ‘tracing floor’, from which moulds were cut for the individual blocks of stone and the wooden formwork by which the ribs were supported during construction.

St Stephen’s Chapel, a crypt below the Palace of Westminster and now the place of worship for the Houses of Parliament, is another well-documented royal work, started by Edward I. Its vaults take an innovatory ‘lierne’ form, with extra decorative ribs which have been claimed as the earliest liernes in England. Although now largely a Victorian reconstruction following the great fire of 1837 which destroyed most of the medieval palace, measurements were taken from the medieval vaults prior to demolition. Our digital survey will be used to compare the measurements of the demolished medieval design with the current Victorian reconstruction and possibly identify elements of original medieval fabric lurking beneath the Byzantine-style paintwork.

The two surveys add to a growing list of case study buildings that will be individually analysed, as well as offering comparisons between sites. We are currently making good progress with analysis at Exeter, Ely and Wells cathedrals, and will begin investigations using the Westminster Abbey and St Stephen’s Chapel data later this year.

Join our team!

We are seeking to appoint a Postdoctoral Research Associate and a Research Technician on a fixed term contract to be part of our exciting AHRC funded project titled ‘Tracing the past: analysing the design and construction of English medieval vaults using digital techniques.’ Further details of the posts can be found via the links below:

Postdoctoral Research Associate (18 months full-time)
https://www.jobs.ac.uk/job/BNR596/postdoctoral-research-associate-grade-7

Research Technician (6 months full-time or 12 months part-time)
https://www.jobs.ac.uk/job/BNR738/research-technician-grade-6-full-or-part-time

For queries, please email Dr Nick Webb – njwebb@liverpool.ac.uk

AHRC Research Grant Success

Through the Arts and Humanities Research Council’s Early Career Research Grant scheme, we have secured funding to develop the project further. Using the grant, we will scan vaults at five further sites, bring in an additional researcher and technician, archive our data digitally and make it available publicly, create a travelling exhibition with associated outreach events at key sites, support the publication of a book, as well as enabling a second symposium on vaults with research and industry partners.

We will continue to use digital technologies to identify and explore the geometries of medieval vaults at key sites in England, enabling new readings of gothic design and construction. The grant will focus on the design process of masons and clients, particularly how practical 2D geometries are projected into 3D, as well as issues of construction such as stone-cutting, installing scaffolding and formwork, structural issues and site management. We will also investigate factors leading to innovation in vault design, when and where these occurred, as well as the transfer of ideas in the above areas across sites of vaulting locally, nationally and internationally.

The AHRC funded project ‘Tracing the past: analysing the design and construction of English medieval vaults using digital techniques’ will commence in September 2018 lasting until February 2021.